The pelvis forms the bony structure at the base of the spine containing the reproductive and the urinary organs. Dysfunction leading to pelvic pain can occur during pregnancy when hormones soften the tissues holding the pelvic bones that form the symphysis pubis at the front.
Symptoms can be severe enough to affect every day activities but can resolve after the birth. The joints at the base of the spine formed by the sacrum and the ilium of the pelvis can also become painful not just through the stresses and strains of pregnancy but through everyday activities such as lifting and twisting.
As well as joint pain, sometimes the muscles of the pelvis can become painful causing myofascial pain. Chiropractors are trained to assess the pelvis using neurological and orthopaedic testing and to treat accordingly using chiropractic adjustments, soft tissue techniques and to advise on exercise and other self help approaches.